11 Feb The protection of environmentally-displaced persons in international law
The protection of environmentally-displaced persons in international law
Vol (No), pp
The issue of environmental degradation is broad and complex. This Article endeavors to better understand one particular aspect, namely the phenomenon of environmentally-induced migration.
Cet article discute des instruments légaux de droit international susceptibles de protéger les déplacés environnementaux. Cet article revient notamment sur la notion controversée de « réfugiés environnementaux.
Extrait du document : p 386 : « The 1951 Refugee Convention requires that a refugee be outside his country of origin, and accordingly does not encompass situations of internal displacement.133 In international law, there is a dichotomy between the protection afforded to “environmental refugees” and persons internally-displaced for environmental reasons. Yet reference to the term “persons internally-displaced for environmental reasons” is in itself problematic. Indeed, there is no authoritative definition of “internally- displaced persons” in international law. Since 1975, however, displaced persons have been included in the mandate of UNHCR, which considers “internally-displaced persons” as any person or group of persons who, if they had breached an international border, would be refugees.134 The definition appears to exclude most of the persons internally-displaced for environmental reasons since environmentally-displaced persons are often escaping environmental pressures rather than the enumerated persécutions »