The potential impacts of climate change on freshwater fish, fish culture and fishing communities

Type

Journal Article

Author(s)

Macusi, E.
Abreo, N.
Cuenca, G.
Ranara, C.
Cardona, L.
Andam, M.
Guanson, G.
Katikiro, R.
Ashoka Deepananda, K.

Title

The potential impacts of climate change on freshwater fish, fish culture and fishing communities

Year

2015

Journal

Journal of Nature Studies

Vol (No), pp

14(2), 14-31

Abstract

The decline of global fish production in many parts of the world are widely documented as fishing down the foodweb or overfishing, together with climate change, this may lead to further decline of fisheries production and food insecurity. In this paper, the authors discussed climate change impacts on freshwater ecosystems which are predicted to be diverse and widespread affecting change in temperature, water flow and quality and hydrological regimes, and changes to the biodiversity of both endemic and non-native species. Climate change may also exacerbate existing problems affecting freshwater ecosystems and has significant negative impact on freshwater fisheries. Since fish are poikilothermic animals strongly affected by ambient water temperature, the effects of climate change on their physiology and behavior will be particularly pronounced, in particular to fish growth, metabolism, food consumption, reproductive success and habitat range. Inland fisheries and aquaculture, which forms an integral part of many rural livelihood systems will be severely impacted by drought, changing water levels and flooding events. These changes need focused strategies to mitigate and cushion the impending impacts of a climate change. A general strategy in conservation efforts would be enhanced protection of watershed areas, a combination of government and community-based partnerships in implementing protection measures of natural habitats such as rivers, lakes, marshes, and
other coastal habitats asĀ  anticipatory measures on possible impacts of climate change.

Citation

Macusi, E., Abreo, N., Cuenca, G., Ranara, C., Cardona, L., Andam, M., Guanson, G., Katikiro, R., Ashoka Deepananda, K. (2015). The potential impacts of climate change on freshwater fish, fish culture and fishing communities. Journal of Nature Studies, 14(2), 14-31. URL : http://www.journalofnaturestudies.org/files/JNS14-2/14(2)%2014-31%20Macusi-fullpaper.pdf