The European Union: coordinating environment and migration policies?

Type

Report

Author

Jordan, A.

Title

The European Union: coordinating environment and migration policies?

Year

2011

Publisher

Government Office for Science UK

Abstract

This review addresses three main topics. First, it describes European Union (EU) environmental policy, notes the main modes and instruments used, and identifies some of the chief dynamics in this policy field. Second, it describes the types of coordinating mechanisms that could in theory be used to ensure that EU-level policies developed in the area of migration take account of those in the area of environment, and vice versa. Third, it reviews how far these various mechanisms have been used in the past by the EU (and its member states) to coordinate policy interventions within and across these two areas. Finally, it draws some conclusions and identifies a number of policy recommendations. The relationship between environmental quality and migration is highly complex, both in theory and in practice. Therefore (and unless otherwise indicated), this review focuses on environmental stress as a potential cause of migration within and also into the EU. It does not seek to investigate the policy implications (e.g. in the UK or any other member state) of rising environmental stresses (e.g. greater waste generation or land take) generated by significant immigration. Furthermore, it mainly addresses internal (i.e. intra-EU) policies in these two areas, as opposed to the external impact of these internal policies in other parts of the world.

Citation

Jordan, A. (2011). The European Union: coordinating environment and migration policies? London : Government Office for Science UK.

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