Rainfall Patterns and U.S. Migration from Rural Mexico

Type

Journal Article

Author(s)

Hunter, L. M.
Murray, S.
Riosmena, F.

Title

Rainfall Patterns and U.S. Migration from Rural Mexico

Year

2013

Journal

International Migration Review

Vol (No), pp

47(4), 874-909

Abstract

In many rural regions of developing countries, natural resource dependency means changes in climate patterns hold tremendous potential to impact livelihoods. When environmentally-based livelihood options are constrained, migration can become an important adaptive strategy. Using data from the Mexican Migration Project, we model U.S. emigration from rural communities as related to community, household and climate factors. The results suggest that households subjected to very recent drought conditions are less likely to send a U.S. migrant, but in communities with drought two years prior and with strong migration histories, emigration is much more likely. In regions lacking such social networks, rainfall deficits actually reduce migration propensities, perhaps reflecting constraints in the ability to engage in migration as a coping strategy. Policy implications emphasize diversification of rural Mexican livelihoods in the face of contemporary climate change.

Citation

Hunter, L. M., Murray, S., & Riosmena, F. (2013). Rainfall Patterns and U.S. Migration from Rural Mexico. International Migration Review, 47(4), 874-909. URL : http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/imre.12051

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