28 Nov Planned resettlement to avoid climatic hazards: What prospects for just outcomes in China?
Planned resettlement to avoid climatic hazards: What prospects for just outcomes in China?
Asia Pac. Viewp
Vol (No), pp
Planned resettlement is being widely considered as a response to the impacts of climate change. As many millions of people are expected to be displaced in the coming decades, scholars and policymakers are searching for precedence to inform their research and planning, particularly from experiences of Development-Induced Displacement and Resettlement (DIDR). Nowhere in the world is DIDR and other closely related forms of planned resettlement more prevalent than in China: an estimated 78 million people have been displaced by development projects over the last six decades. While planned resettlement has consistently been shown to cause impoverishment, the Chinese state views it as the answer to a multitude of social ills including poverty, environmental damage, low levels of domestic consumption, and most recently, climate change, providing impetus to the normalisation of resettlement as adaptation. This paper examines the prospects for just outcomes in resettlement projects by examining distributive justice at multiple scales in existing resettlement practice in China. It finds that due to the interplay between resettlement and questions of procedural justice, prospects for just outcomes are quite limited, and that in order to achieve fair adaptation, alternatives to planned resettlement should be emphasised.
Wilmsen, B., & Rogers, S. (2019). Planned resettlement to avoid climatic hazards: What prospects for just outcomes in China? Asia Pacific Viewpoint, 60(2), 118-131. URL : https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/apv.12232