11 Feb Natural Disasters and International Migration from Sub-Saharan Africa
Natural Disasters and International Migration from Sub-Saharan Africa
Vol (No), pp
This paper employs a systems GMM model using data on 43 Sub-Saharan African countries from 1960 to 2005 to find that natural disasters have a sig-nificant impact on migration from SSA, raising the net out-migration by around 0.37 persons per 1,000. No direct evidence was found that natural disasters lead to further migration through impacting on GDP growth. It is however es-tablished that natural disasters is associated with a slightly increased prob-ability that a country will be in conflict in a subsequent period. The frequency of natural disasters will not influence the duration of the conflict. It is con-cluded that natural disasters is an important determinant of migration from SSA. The findings in this paper imply that global climate change, through leading to more extreme weather events, will contribute to further migration from the continent.