13 Aug Migration and the Environment: The Case of Philippine Uplands
Amacher, Gregory S.
Hyde, William S.
Migration and the Environment: The Case of Philippine Uplands
Journal of Philippine Development
Vol (No), pp
42 (2), 425-439
The typical migration pattern world-wide has been from rural to urban areas, and rural emigration has been a cause of degradation of the urban environment. This pattern has reversed in the 1980s, particularly in Southeast Asia and the Amazon, as migrants began leaving impoverished cities to settle in sparsely inhabited upland and forest frontiers. The rural poor have added to the upland migrant stream migration as they, too, search for uninhabited land and better agricultural opportunities. Government resettlement policies and policies that favor capital over labor, particularly in the industrial sector, often induce disemployment and migration to the frontier where the open access nature of existing land tenure regimes provide not only opportunity but also increased the likelihood of environmental degradation.
Amacher, Gregory A & Hyde, William F. (1996). Migration and the Environment: The Case of Philippine Uplands. Journal of Philippine Development, 42(2), 425-439.