04 Dec Kazakhstan: Case Study Report for the EACH-FOR Project
Kazakhstan: Case Study Report for the EACH-FOR Project
United Nations University
Méthodo: interviews +questionnaires (with experts and on the field)
Echantillon: semi-structured fieldwork interviews were conducted with 30 inhabitants in the targeted settlements + 30 migrant and 26 non-migrant questionnaires were filled out. (4 settlements affected by long-term environmental disasters and progressive environmental degradation)
Var. envi : ecological disasters (from human activities)
Kazakhstan has many different environmental hazards. In this report, we have focused on only two ecological disasters, certainly the most obvious ones: the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Site and the Aral Sea. The two catastrophes are the results of human activities, which provoked environmental degradation, serious health problems, and destruction of economic and social life of the regions. Therefore, at the beginning of the environmental migration chain we can see harsh economic realities and absence of development as the main reasons forcing people to migrate.
In sum, the Kazakh and partly Uzbek cases show that migration processes in these two countries have a strong environmental basis and that environmental problems causing migration and displacement have different impacts. p.27-28
Bulesheva, D., & Joldasov, A. (2008). Kazakhstan: Case Study Report for the EACH-FOR Project. United Nations University.