23 Jul Issues and Recent Trends in International Migration in Sub‐Saharan Africa
Issues and Recent Trends in International Migration in Sub‐Saharan Africa
International Social Science Journal
Vol (No), pp
Migration in Sub‐Saharan Africa features a variety of movements, mostly intraregional: migrant workers, undocumented migrants, nomads, frontier workers, refugees, and highly skilled professionals. Changing patterns and especially the increase in irregular migration, diversification of migratory routes and trafficking in migrants result from worsening socio‐economic and political conditions in the region. Sponsored, selective male migration and increasing female autonomous migration are manifestations of migration as survival strategies. Brain circulation within the region, especially to core areas of rapid economic growth, has intensified; increasingly, labour migration is being replaced by commercial migration. Migrants are also exploring alternative destinations within the region in response to the tightened immigration laws in the North. Rapid population growth, economic depression, conflicts, political instability, widespread poverty and deepening unemployment signal the possibility of increased migration, including refugee flows, in the coming years. Sub‐regional economic unions could help promote intra‐regional labour mobility if concerted efforts are made to harmonise national laws with regionaland sub‐regional treaties.