Environmental migrations in Central Asia: a multifaceted approach to the issue

Type

Journal article

Author

Blondin, Suzy

Title

People on the move in a changing climate. The Regional Impact of Environmental Change on Migration.

Year

2018

Journal

Central Asia Survey

Vol (No), pp

38(2), 275-292

Abstract

Increasingly, studies are considering Central Asia a ‘hot spot’ of climate change and a region prone to environmental migrations. Growing aridity and the shrinking of glaciers may have important impacts on food security, health, human security and infrastructure in the region and compel people to move. Drawing on the literature on environmental issues in Central Asia and on interviews conducted in the Kuhistoni-Badakhshan Autonomous Region of Tajikistan, this article provides a literature survey on environmental migrations in the region and positions Central Asia in the current debates within the broad environmental migrations literature. The article shows that environmental issues can stand out as an important push factor for out-migration in Central Asia, highlights the important role of the Soviet heritage of environmental management as well as of post-Soviet socio-economic transformations in understanding these issues, and discusses possible adaptation strategies.

Citation

Blondin, S. (2018). Environmental migrations in Central Asia: a multifaceted approach to the issue. Central Asian Survey. 38(2), 275-292. doi: 10.1080/02634937.2018.1519778