27 Nov DISASTERS AND FORCED MIGRATION: THE STATE OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS IN INDIA
Last name, First
DISASTERS AND FORCED MIGRATION: THE STATE OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS IN INDIA
ELK ASIA PACIFIC JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE
Vol (No), pp
Research on Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) is hindered by the difficulty of accurately estimating numbers of IDPs and therefore their fundamental rights are also not protected with the Guidelines of Internal Displacement. IDPs didn’t get a place either in policies or any programmes were implemented to address the needs of IDPs. A baseline data on IDPs derived from population census is considered a reliable source for further research to address needs. International databases such as IDMC and EM-DAT provide a general indication of the number, compiled from various reports of governments, insurance companies, press agencies, aid agencies etc. IDPs displaced mainly due to natural disasters are the priority of this paper. Displacement by technological disaster is also partially included due to the lack of data. In India, displacement by disaster is both an urban and a rural problem. This paper conceptualizesthe links between migration and climate change and analyzes available data in terms of estimated number of IDPs and occurrences of disasters, conducted a review of existing policies and legislative frameworks including Constitutional provisions that guarantees to uphold the rights of the IDPs, and to identify gaps in studying IDPs. IDPs need attention and are required to study separately under forced migration category. Given the high risk of both vulnerability and exposure to the disasters and related hazards, the Indian government must design strategies to improve the adaptive capacity of the communities through disaster risk reduction processes.
Bhor, N. (2015). DISASTERS AND FORCED MIGRATION: THE STATE OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS IN INDIA. ELK ASIA PACIFIC JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE 4(2).