21 Jan Dealing with displacement: Can “social protection” facilitate long-term adaptation to climate change?
Johnson, C. A.
Krishnamurthy, , P. K.
Dealing with displacement: Can “social protection” facilitate long-term adaptation to climate change?
Global Environmental Change
Vol (No), pp
This article explores the possibilities of using social protection to manage and reduce the risks of forced displacement resulting from climate change. It reviews the relevant literature on migration, disasters and climate change, and constructs a model through which international policies may be used to encourage resettlement options that support the capabilities and entitlements of poor and vulnerable populations. By distinguishing between rapid-onset disasters and long-term environmental change, it explores the ways in which cash transfers, asset transfers and conditional cash transfers may be used to break the cycle of vulnerability, destitution and distress migration that can occur during times of severe environmental stress. An important distinction is made between “economic migration,” which implies that households have at their disposal an opportunity to engage in forward-looking analysis about the ways in which they will invest household resources and “distress migration,” which implies that household decisions about investment and migration are largely ad hoc responses to external environmental processes and events. The article reviews recent discussions about the prospects of revising the international refugee regime, and identifies the opportunities and challenges of using social protection to support household decisions that can facilitate economic migration over the long-term.
Johnson, C. A. and Krishnamurthy, P. K. (2010). “Dealing with displacement: Can “social protection” facilitate long-term adaptation to climate change?” Global Environmental Change 20(4): 648-655.
URL : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VFV-50K53N9-1/2/432fdfb205f7a48e3291590277e2a4c6