03 Dec Climate Change-Induced Migration in Morocco: Sub-Saharian and Moroccan Migrants
Climate Change-Induced Migration in Morocco: Sub-Saharian and Moroccan Migrants
Mediterranean Mobilities: Europe’s Changing Relationships
Springer International Publishing
The vertiginous and unquestionable climate change could alter the delicate balance that exists between human beings and nature. Countries struggle to reach international agreements to set mitigation measures or adaptation to changing climatic conditions, otherwise, autochthonous population in certain vulnerable regions could be forced to search better living conditions. North Africa, highly vulnerable region against climate change effects, is characterized by large natural climate variability, a rapid land-use change, and high population dynamics. In such a way, climate phenomena have forced people to abandon rural areas. This chapter stems from the research developed inside MEDCHANGe-WP6 and aims to present the studies and experiences of scholars undertaken in Morocco, for fifteen months. The goal is to present a methodology through a systematic approach to initially assess the climate change impacts on the essential resources for the livelihood of rural population which could be deemed migration determinants. Mixed method was the necessary inquiry strategy to tackle the work. The complementarity among the methods permits to clarify and verify some intermediate levels of analysis in the course of discovering the change-induced migration. On the one hand, a qualitative methodology applies ethnographic methods such as participant observation and semi-structured personal interviews to key informants with Nussbaum’s theory as a theoretical framework to develop the research tools. On the other hand, quantitative methods try to numerically show a connection of meteorological variability and natural extreme phenomena with the movement of population.
Fernández, C., Sierra-Huedo, M.-L., & Chinarro, D. (2019). Climate Change-Induced Migration in Morocco: Sub-Saharian and Moroccan Migrants. In M. Paradiso (Ed.), Mediterranean Mobilities: Europe’s Changing Relationships (pp. 177-195). Cham: Springer International Publishing. DOI : doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-89632-8_15