03 Dec Climate change and migrant crisis – cases of Syria and Yemen
Climate change and migrant crisis – cases of Syria and Yemen
The text aims to present how climate change and mass migrations are substantially linked and together produce a catastrophic convergence. Climate change combined with the the social crisis, shortages of water, limited resources and population growth, leads to civil wars, intrastate conflicts and mass migration. The droughts that affected Russia and China’s wheat exports in the years 2010/11, had their impact on the outburst of the Arab Spring. Land desiccation and crop failures led to mass migration from countryside to cities in Syria. Finally, Yemen’s civil unrest would have taken a totally different way if it was not for the huge impact of water stress. The countries selected for the analysis are not random choice – they are an irrefutable proof of a larger trend that encompasses both the climate change and resource scarcity that lead to outbursts of conflicts.