Climate change adaptation and mitigation: implications for land acquisition and population relocation

Type

Report

Author

McDowell, C.

Title

Climate change adaptation and mitigation: implications for land acquisition and population relocation

Year

2011

Publisher

Government Office for Science UK

Abstract

In response to the challenge of climate change, governments of developing countries are evolving adaptation and mitigation programmes for which they are seeking international financing. This paper presents the findings of a review of national action programmes and other interventions to assess their likely societal impacts with an emphasis on land-use change, future land acquisitions, population displacement and resettlement. Evidence presented suggests there is likely to be additional and large-scale resettlement related to adaptation and mitigation investments in the coming decades. It describes such climate change-related projects as infrastructure development projects and the population displacement they may generate as a form of development-created involuntary resettlement. The article considers the policy and development challenges such involuntary resettlement will pose and assesses the robustness of current governance arrangements to manage that resettlement. It is argued that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change process presents opportunities for improving the national and international management of land acquisition and resettlement, particularly in least developed countries and small island states, but cautions that, at present, the financing arrangements do not prioritise the legal protection of affected populations.

Citation

McDowell, C. (2011). Climate change adaptation and mitigation: implications for land acquisition and population relocation. London : Government Office for Science UK.