Between Vulnerability and Adaptations: A Preliminary Study on Natural Hazards, Coastline Change and Environmental Migration in Satabhaya Gram Panchayat, Orissa, India

Type

Journal Article

Author(s)

Sulagna, S.
Poyyamoli, G.

Title

Between Vulnerability and Adaptations: A Preliminary Study on Natural Hazards, Coastline Change and Environmental Migration in Satabhaya Gram Panchayat, Orissa, India

Year

2011

Journal

International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering

Vol (No), pp

4(5), 882-890

Abstract

Natural hazards are one of the major drivers of change around the globe. In this study we use a case study from Satabhaya gram Panchayat, Orissa, on the East coast of India to illustrate linkages between the natural hazards, loss of livelihood and environmental migration. The study area has been frequented by tropical cyclones and resultant floods. This study specifically aims to analyze last fifty years of data of occurrence of natural hazards and their subsequent impacts on the livelihoods followed by adaptation undertaken. We use geographical information system tools to detect the coastline change which has been one the major environmental change drivers. Both participatory and social survey methods were used to document the impact and the adaptations by the community. The study found that in the past, the community was exposed to a series of natural hazards which have reduced the number of villages from 7 villages to 4 in the last 40 years. Agriculture being the dominant livelihood has come to a standstill owing to constant exposure to natural disasters. 90% of households reported of migration across the countryas a major source of extra income. We suggest that sustainable livelihood strategies combined with disaster risk reduction can help in mainstreaming the community into the development process.

Citation

Sulagna, S., & Poyyamoli, G. (2011). Between Vulnerability and Adaptations: A Preliminary Study on Natural Hazards, Coastline Change and Environmental Migration in Satabhaya Gram Panchayat, Orissa, India. International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 4(5), 882-890.

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